Modern furniture design has become a very popular furniture design style. Modern design has been heavily influenced by technically innovative materials and new cutting-edge manufacturing methods. Three important elements for modern design include De Dtijl (The Style) movement, founded in 1917 in Amsterdam. Deutscher Werkbund, founded in 1907 in Munich and The Bauhaus School founded in Weimar, Germany.
The De Stijl movement was about reducing excessive elements down to simple form and colour. Influential artists from this movement include Gerrit Rietveld, Piet Mondrian and Mies van der Rohe.
De Stijl Style furniture design
The Deutscher Werkbund was an organization of artists, designers and manufacturers that placed importance on the design principles of quality, materials, functionality and sustainability which heavily influenced a lot of modern furniture.
Wasserkessel, gestaltet von Peter Behrens für AEG, Sammlung Werkbundarchiv
The Bauhaus School was an art school that was founded by the architect Walter Gropius. The Bauhaus School placed importance on art and technology and as revolutionary in many sectors of design including clothing, furniture, art and architecture. The utilization of new materials such as steel, glass, moulded plywood and plastics in furniture at The Bauhaus School was very innovative and influential for modern design.
Marianne Brandt (German, 1893). Tea Infuser and Strainer, ca. 1924.
There are important designers that have been very influential in the development of modern designed furniture, some of these designers include Walter Gropius, Ludwig Miles van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Marcel Breuer.